National Groups versus Family Groups

Human beings mainly thrive in societies and communities. A society comprises individuals who share in features and engage in similar practices. There are different kinds of groups in society. The nature of a group is influenced by the priorities, goals, and actions of the members. Essentially, a social group acts as a representation of the inclinations of the group’s members. Within every given society, there are identity groups and national groups. There are several differences between the two social units.

Family groups are those which define the heritage of the members of a given community within the State. Alternatively, national groups are those which capture the different aspects of a given community. For instance, a Chinese family in America comprises an identity group. This is because it consists mainly of a few individuals who converge given their shared heritage. In China, the community would form part of the national group. Therefore, an identity group serves the interests of a few individuals while a national group serves the interest of the largest number of individuals.

Likewise, a family group is influenced by the desire to promote the culture of the given individuals within the setting. It entails the indoctrination of the members in order to reinforce their engagement of pre-established beliefs and cultural practices. Nation groups are however aligned towards the promotion of economic and social interests of the members of a given country. The guiding frameworks in the national groups are not influenced by the members of the community but also the administrative bodies.

Conclusively, national and family groups form the major social groups. Nonetheless, the groups project a myriad difference. Family groups entail and address fewer individuals than is the case with national groups. Furthermore, Family groups promote the heritages and behavioral inclinations of the members. National groups, on the other hand, are aligned towards the improvement of diverse economic and social conditions in the overall society. A similar topic and as well interesting you can read here self identity essays it would help you to understand the identity of groups better.


Sexually Transmitted Diseases

These are diseases caused by the infections which are contacted by an individual to another through sexual contact. The reason they are also called sexually transmitted infections is due to a lack of symptoms. When they cause symptoms, then they are referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (“STDs | Sexually Transmitted Diseases – Symptoms & Treatment”, 2016). There are various sexually transmitted infections.

One of the STDs is gonorrhea. This is an infection which is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhea. The infection affects the urethra, anus, cervix, vagina and the penis. Often, gonorrhea shows no symptoms, especially in women (Workowski & Berman, 2011). On women, the symptoms include yellowish-green discharge; vomiting; swelling of the vulva, pain when urinating; and abdominal pain. In men, the symptoms include discharge of pus-like fluid from the penis; burning sensation during urination; and frequently urinating than usual. Treatment is achieved through the administration of some antibiotics like ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin among others. The drugs should be prescribed by the doctor. The disease can be prevented by abstaining from sexual intercourse or the use of condoms (Workowski & Berman, 2011).

Syphilis is another STD which is caused by bacteria called Treponema pallidum. Based on the clinical findings, the STD can be divided into stages.   It can either be primary, secondary or tertiary syphilis. Primary syphilis shows symptoms that include chancre at the site of infection or ulcers (Workowski & Berman, 2011). The secondary syphilis is shown by the skin rash, lymphadenopathy or mucocutaneous lesions. Tertiary syphilis is shown by the general paresis, tabes dorsalis, or gummatous lesions. Treatment can be achieved through taking of penicillin G. the drug can treat all stages of syphilis. The long duration of therapy can be utilized to treat tertiary syphilis and late latent syphilis. Prevention is also achieved through abstinence and using a condom during sex (Workowski & Berman, 2011).


Safe Drug Disposal is Key to Preventing Abuse

According to CVS Health, approximately two thirds of teens have abused prescription drugs. They are known to mostly obtain them from family or friends or acquaintances. This social issue has become an important political battleground and thankfully it can now be prevented through the safe disposal of unwanted medications.

In a move to meet their goal of drug abuse prevention, CVS, a pharmacy innovation company, launched their Medication Disposal for Safer Communities program. Through the program the police departments are able to make an application of receiving a drug collection unit that will ensure the community disposes unwanted medications safely. Since the year 2014, a total of 626 drug collection units have been donated to police departments in about 42 states. In addition, prescription drugs of more than 47 metric tons have been collected through the program. The program has proved to be very beneficial because in addition to preventing medication diversion and abuse it also ensures the environment is not polluted by ensuring medications that are improperly disposed do not contaminate the water supply.

According to Tom Davis, a vice president at the company, the disposal program together with the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids work together to come up with a permanent solution of drug disposal for the community. There are other ways which CV’S continue to support disposal efforts of prescription drug. They include providing their parking lot as collection site and use of customized in-store signage to promote programs focused on getting permanent drug disposal collection site. There are also hundreds of CVS pharmacy locations serving as collection sites of unwanted medication. All these locations provide envelopes that customers can use to send medications that are unwanted to be disposed safely. Another way is through the CVS.com tool launched by the company to allow visitors search ZIP code to get a disposal location of unwanted medications.


Summary of Health Industry

CVS Health is currently having a leading presence in the long-term pharmacy care. Having a competitive advantage has enabled the company to fit in the industry and benefit from various market trends. In the past five years, of the 710 million prescriptions that were added in the market, CVS has managed to capture 39% through their dispensing channels.  The company share in the market is growing.

CVS has not been stagnant in the industry. The company has broadened its reach into new health care channels and industry in 2015, by acqiring Omnicare, the largest leading provider of pharmacy services in the nation. They also continued to grow the core pharmacy business by the purchase of more than 1,670 pharmacies and almost 80 retail clinics from Target Corporation. These transactions expanded the company’s pharmacy count by 20 percent and the number of clinics by 8 percent. These company trends have been a key driver of revenue gains.

Throughout the year 2015, CVS have managed to capture an outsized share of the specialty market, which is the sector that is growing fast in the industry. The company’s specialty business is the largest in the nation, and its growth has out-spaced both its nearest competitor and industry overall. In 2015, the total revenue generated from the specialty drugs dispensed and managed in the entire enterprise amounted to $40 billion representing a 32% increase from previous year.

Since the year 2010, CVS prescription business has grown twice the overall market rate. At the pharmacy, sales from same store increased 1.7percent in 2015. In 2014, same store sales increased by 4.5 percent, and front store sale decreased by 5 percent which was driven by the company exit from sale of tobacco. In 2015, CVS Pharmacy filled around 21.6% of the retail prescriptions to lead the retail drug store in U.S

Summary of Company future Plan

CVS managed to meet its financial target through its continuous focus on three pillars which include: productive, long-term growth that consider essential to maximizing shareholder value, generating significant free cash flow, and optimizing capital allocation. The company generated nearly $7 billion in free cash flow and adjusted net revenues for the year increased 10 percent to a record as $153 billion, and earnings for the year also increased nearly 15 percent to $6 billion on a comparable basis in 2015. With a high client retention rate of 98%, and net new business wins for 2016 totaled $12.7 billion which reflects the value of CVS.

According to the Chief Executive officer, the company hopes that its leadership across the pharmacy spectrum will help them continue to drive superior value for the company’s health care partners and shareholders. As the company expands its core pharmacy business, it also plans to broaden its reach into new health care channels and make investments to drive sustainable enterprise growth. CVS have strengthened its position with Hispanic customers through launching CVS Pharmacy y mas in several locations in Miami. The stores offer unique Hispanic products and services not in the traditional drugstores which have led to an increase in sales by 10percent. The company plans to expand on the concept in future.

Through its combined enterprise assets, the company also plans to bridge the historic gaps in Omnicare’s offerings to the address the population’s unmet needs. For instance, the robust offering of Omnicare of skilled nursing facility market failed to include a complete solution of addressing care coordination issues during the discharge or admission of a patient. Considering the many retail locations, CVS can ensure timeliness of medication adherence through emergency prescriptions, a move that will reduce expensive hospital admission. In addition, the company is developing integrated solutions of independent and assisted living, and also home care markets.


Labor Unions

The two major concepts discussed in the video and the article are planning for human resource needs and managing unionized respectively. Planning for human resource needs requires management teams to extensively determine the workforce required to achieve the set objectives. Job analysis helps organizations determine the knowledge and skill level as well as the abilities required to perform a specific job. After developing a job analysis, organizations then use the information to determine job descriptions and job specifications. A job description is formally written and outlines the title, the tasks an employee is to perform, relationship with other employees, specific skills required, and an employee’s responsibilities. A job specification highlights the academic qualifications required to perform a given job. The specification also reveals the experience required and the personal and physical characteristics necessary for a given employment position.

The article also details the unique challenge of managing unionized workers. With specific reference to Hollywood, the article reveals the importance of unions in negotiating for better compensation for their members. However, the negotiations between unions and management are not always smooth. Strikes are a common practice with unions castigating their members to abandon their workplaces resulting in massive losses for an organization. The formation of labor unions is recognized by the American constitution, further complicating the management of unionized employees. As revealed by the article, the financial impact of the 1988 strike in Hollywood led to losses of half a billion dollars.

In the United States, employee unions have significantly contributed to better compensation for blue-collar jobs and government employees. The unions have pushed for collective bargaining agreements with employers resulting to higher wages and salaries for members. Given the benefits of joining unions, employees from all industries should seek to unionize. A union in the entertainment industry would not only negotiate for better compensation packages for artists but also inform them of their rights. Unions would also benefit the employees in the industry by negotiating for better working conditions. The disadvantages of a union in the entertainment industry include potential strikes due to disagreements with studio management teams, high operational costs for studios, and hire prices of shows produced. Personally, I have not worked for a unionized organization, however, I have friends who have shared their experience of working in such organizations. The poor relationship between management and unions is a common phenomenon.