dphil vs phd

dphil vs phd

A DPhil is the Oxford equivalent of a PhD.
Successfully completing a DPhil usually involves submitting a thesis and then an oral examination of your work, a viva voce . Examiners must be satisfied that your thesis represents a significant and substantial piece of research, is conveyed in a lucid and scholarly manner and that you have a good general knowledge of your academic field.

The University offers research training of a high international standard, with a broad range of subject areas and strong research environments. A doctorate from the University of Oslo qualifies candidates for an academic career as well as other professions requiring a high level of competence.
To be eligible for admission to a PhD programme, certain educational and financial requirements must be met. If you have not applied to a PhD programme before, we recommend that you read this before you proceed to the programme pages.



praca magisterska

praca magisterska

Download the contents of this package in one zip archive (325.2k).
The package provides machine readable copies of the examples from the book ‘Praca magisterska i dyplomowa z programem L a T e X ’ (on writing a thesis with L a T e X , in Polish).

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Moja praca magisterska – system zarządzania treścią w technologii Ruby on Rails

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thesis or dissertation

thesis or dissertation

OATD.org aims to be the best possible resource for finding open access graduate theses and dissertations published around the world. Metadata (information about the theses) comes from over 1100 colleges, universities, and research institutions. OATD currently indexes 5,153,410 theses and dissertations.
Advanced research and scholarship. Theses and dissertations, free to find, free to use.

The masters thesis and doctoral dissertation are written documents that describe the graduate student’s research. The subject of the thesis/dissertation is chosen by mutual agreement between the student and major adviser, and must be approved by the student’s Supervisory Committee. There is no fixed length for the thesis/dissertation, although the Supervisory Committee should provide guidance on format and content.
Masters theses should reveal a capacity to carry on independent study or research and should demonstrate the student’s ability to use the techniques employed in their field of investigation. Doctoral dissertations should demonstrate technical mastery of the student’s field and advance or modify current knowledge. Dissertations should treat new material, find new results, or draw new conclusions; or it should interpret old material in a new light. It is expected that the research contained in the thesis/dissertation will be worthy of publication in appropriate peer-reviewed journals. Students are expected to prepare the manuscript(s) for publication prior to, or soon after, completion of their graduate program.

This article explores the extent to which published advice on the organisation and structure of theses and dissertations concurs with what happens in actual practice. The study examines guides and handbooks which focus on thesis and dissertation writing and postgraduate research. The sample texts examined were master’s and doctoral theses written in a number of different study areas at a major research university. The study found that only a few of the books examined devoted a substantial amount of space to this topic. It also found a wider range of thesis types than the guides and handbooks would suggest occurs. The study identified four main kinds of thesis: ‘traditional: simple’, ‘traditional: complex’, ‘topic-based’ and ‘compilations of research articles’. The article argues for teaching materials which show students the range of thesis options they might have, highlight the kind of variation that occurs in actual texts, and consider the rationale for the various choices they might make.
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All NAU theses and dissertations are published electronically through ProQuest. Through active partnerships with more than 700 universities, ProQuest disseminates and archives more than 90,000 new graduate works each year. These works are available through library subscription databases and for easy and convenient ordering.
The Northern Arizona University Graduate College has partnered with Cline Library, and all NAU theses and dissertations are also available in our Institutional Repository.



dissertation introduction length

dissertation introduction length

This section analyzes the differences between an undergraduate dissertation and a standard undergraduate essay, and discusses the key characteristics of successful dissertations.
Many subjects now offer final year students the option of submitting a long essay or dissertation.

“Those who trust in the Lord for help will find their strength renewed. They will rise on wings like eagles: they will run and not grow weary; they will walk and not grow weak.”
Welcome to Quinns Baptist College. We are a co-educational school whose mission is to provide a comprehensive education to students to equip them for life in our ever changing world.

What is a dissertation?: A dissertation is a book-length thesis or treatise prepared as a requirement for the award of a doctoral degree (Ph.D.)
Frequently asked questions:



phd defense

phd defense

Preparing to present your thesis to a jury and to the public
Target public: doctoral candidates (2 to 6 months before the jury examination or public presentation)

  • The student will submit a complete draft of the dissertation to each member of the Advisory Committee, together with the Request for Defense form which may be found on the GSBS Forms page
  • Prior to the defense, students who matriculated between Fall 2008 and Summer 2014 must submit at least one first-author paper related to their education and research at GSBS to a peer-reviewed journal for publication (click here for more information on the publication requirement)
  • Once approved to defend, the student submits the following documents to Academic Affairs:
    • Request for Defense form
    • Dissertation abstract
    • Stripped-down” Word version of the dissertation for a check by Turnitin
    • Dissertation draft (PDF)

    The public presentation and examination of a licentiate thesis must take place in a publically announced licentiate seminar. The entire process, including the time and location, is determined by the individual department, not Student Services.
    When your dissertation is nearing completion, you should discuss with your advisors whether it is ready for the defence. You will also need to take care of a number of practical details which involve different parts of the university administration. This page provides key information about your Ph.D. defence.

    The disputation is the public defence of the thesis. Prior to the public defence you must hold a trial lecture.
    Dates for the PhD examination cannot be set before the thesis is found worthy of public defence. See deadlines in connection with holidays.

    The PhD program has a three-year legal duration. The academic year begins on October 1st and ends on September 30th.
    Between October 1st and 15th, the PhD students will have to apply for the thesis defense following the instructions provided by e-mail by the PhD office. Once the thesis is finished, the file must be uploaded in the student’s Personal Area, and then validated by the supervisor some days in advance of the date of the thesis defense.

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    Phd defense
    Please contact Ines Crisostomo before you start to complete the University of Vienna documentation for guidance.
    The student is responsible for managing all bureaucratic interactions with the University, with assistance from the PhD Coordinator and University officials. The supervisor and the student will work together to ensure that the doctoral thesis meets laboratory and university standards and is completed within the duration of the PhD contract.

    Phd defense
    Visiting address: Woudestein – room A1-05 (near the Senaatszaal)
    Are you not a PhD candidate yet, but considering to pursue a PhD at Erasmus University Rotterdam? Read more about our vacancies and facilities for PhD students.

    Monday, 11 May 2020
    Di Fu was taking a joint PhD program from the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IPCAS), and the Informatics Department, University of Hamburg (WTM group). Di Fu successfully defended her PhD thesis titled “Interaction between Attentional Capture and Executive Control in Conflict Processing” on 11th May in the IPCAS. The thesis develops a novel research paradigm and reveals the interaction mechanism between bottom-up attentional capture and top-down executive control to the salient distractor in conflict tasks. The thesis also examines this mechanism in audiovisual crossmodal scenarios with human participants and the iCub robot, and its developmental trajectories in children, adolescents, and adults.

    Phd defense
    The final step in the completion of the Ph.D. is the writing up of the thesis dissertation document and an oral defense exam, which is open to the public.
    At least 30 days before defending, complete the Disseration Committee form. It requires a minimum of three faculty members. The student must take it to the Director of Doctoral Programs at the Viterbi School of Engineering (Jennifer Gerson) in OHE 106 to get the Dean’s signature.



  • what is a thesis statement for an essay

    what is a thesis statement for an essay

    A thesis statement is a sentence that states the topic and purpose of your paper. A good thesis statement will direct the structure of your essay and will allow your reader to understand the ideas you will discuss within your paper.
    The kind of thesis statement you write will depend on the type of paper you are writing. Here is how to write the different kinds of thesis statements:

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    what is the meaning of thesis

    what is the meaning of thesis

    Join our early testers! See how your sentence looks with different synonyms.
    The mere exposition of a thesis would have little or no value.

    Your thesis proposal will likely include terms that are not widely known outside of your discipline. These terms include particular theoretical constructs, formulas, operational definitions that differ from colloquial definitions, schools of thought and discipline-specific acronyms. This part of your proposal offers the reader a list of definitions of these terms.

    • How you define such terms could considerably affect how the reader understands your thesis
    • Be sure you use these terms in a consistent fashion throughout your proposal and thesis

    A literature review is a comprehensive summary of previous research on a topic. The literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, and other sources relevant to a particular area of research. The review should enumerate, describe, summarize, objectively evaluate and clarify this previous research. It should give a theoretical base for the research and help you (the author) determine the nature of your research. The literature review acknowledges the work of previous researchers, and in so doing, assures the reader that your work has been well conceived. It is assumed that by mentioning a previous work in the field of study, that the author has read, evaluated, and assimiliated that work into the work at hand.
    A literature review creates a “landscape” for the reader, giving her or him a full understanding of the developments in the field. This landscape informs the reader that the author has indeed assimilated all (or the vast majority of) previous, significant works in the field into her or his research.

    What does the word ‘debate’ imply? A discussion involving different points of view or sets of ideas. A dissertation will therefore not only examine a subject but will review different points of view about that subject.
    Here’s another definition that underlines some more important characteristics of a dissertation: “a substantial paper that is typically based on original research and that gives evidence of the candidate’s mastery both of her own subject and of scholarly method.”



    dissertation order

    dissertation order

    Dissertation order
    In ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global, click through to the Citation/Abstract page and look for the Publication/order number.
    In the case of dissertations, the AAT number is usually preferred, since it is more widely recognized (e.g. you could use the AAT number to order a dissertation from Dissertation’s Express).

    Please let us know if there is anything we can do to improve the information on this page or this site. Email us at nglthesis @shsu.edu .
    To save yourself some time in making your Table of Contents, be sure that you use font styles.



    p.h.d. definition

    p.h.d. definition

    Want to thank TFD for its existence? Tell a friend about us, add a link to this page, or visit the webmaster’s page for free fun content.
    Link to this page:

    The roots of the word “doctor” don’t have anything to do with medical practice. So when did this word start describing those in the medical field?
    “It is impossible by elections to choose normal people,” argues Yoram Gat, an Israeli software engineer with a PhD in statistics.

    Explore the future of active learning. Get Top Hat’s best blog posts delivered to your inbox
    A PhD refers to a research degree. The main requirement behind a PhD is creating new knowledge. To complete a PhD, students must hold an undergraduate degree and in many cases, a master’s degree. To apply, students usually submit a research proposal to the department where they want to study. This proposal outlines what a student intends to research on, how it relates to current research and describes what methods students will use to carry out their research.

    The end of a PhD is a written thesis, evidence of work completed, not what and how we, as students struggled with and overcame.
    No one who takes 20+ years to complete a PhD is taken seriously by REAL academic institutions.

    A: When I complete my PhD, I will return to China and devote my whole life to serving society.
    “The” sounds unnatural here. When you say “the” it sounds like you are referring to a specific society that may have been mentioned before. If you mean society in general, then a/an/the isn’t needed.

    • apply for a project that already has specific, pre-defined aims
    • compete for a place on a partially or fully funded programme (often with competitive application processes).

    Research in the fields of medicine, science and engineering tend to require you to:

    P.h.d. definition
    Lets consider what is involved in research and how we share this with the world, or more particularly how can you successfully demonstrate that you have contributed some `output from your work?”
    Firstly, as scientists what do we consider as outputs? The list is vast and may include:

    Introduction: Most European countries accept a dual standard for determining death: total brain failure and irreversible circulatory arrest. Nevertheless, their policies differ with regard to the specific tests and requirements to determine irreversible loss of brain and/or cardiac function. Some have questioned the conceptual validity of both standards in the context of organ donation (President’s Council 2008). To better understand the extent to which these conceptual debates may have an impact in practice, some surveys have been performed within general public and health care workers involved in the determination of death and organ donation (Youngner et al. 1989; Siminoff et al. 2004; Dubois et al. 2004; Rodríguez-Arias and INCONFUSE study group 2008).
    Objectives: This research aims at three objectives: 1. to analyze and compare health professionals’ knowledge and beliefs regarding the dual standard; 2. to assess and compare their attitudes towards organ procurement, and 3. to elicit their underlying concepts of death and personhood. In this communication, the methodology of this research will be discussed. The procedure of the adaptation of the questionnaire and some methodological choices that have been done will be explained. The French pilot study results will be presented. Finally, the participation of new countries will be proposed.

    • Always double check your spelling.
    • Try similar keywords, for example: tablet instead of laptop.
    • Try using more than one keyword.

    For best search results, mind the following suggestions:



    how to reference a thesis harvard

    how to reference a thesis harvard

    How to reference a thesis harvard

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    • Chapters in Books

    Smith, J. 2000. An investigation of the impact of services marketing on the airline industry . DBL thesis. University of South Africa, Pretoria.

    Author of thesis – family name and initials Year of preparation of thesis, ‘Title of thesis – in single quotation marks’, Award, Institution issuing degree, Location of institution.
    Exelby, HRA 1997, ‘Aspects of gold and mineral liberation’, PhD thesis, University of Queensland, Brisbane.

    The title is not italicised and is placed in single ‘quotation marks’.
    Adam, B 2016, ‘Cosmic warfare: changing models of the universe and C.S. Lewis’s defence of truth and meaning’, PhD thesis, James Cook University, viewed 17 April 2017, .

    • Author’s surname and initials
    • Year of authorship
    • Title of academic work
    • Designated level of study and type of academic work, either thesis or dissertation
    • Name of university
    • URL and date accessed (if viewed online)

    Reference as normal with the author’s surname and first name initials, the year of authorship and the title. If the academic work is not generally available in the public domain, this is shown by the word ‘Unpublished’ before specifying the level of study, and whether it is a thesis or dissertation. The relevant institution is given at the end of the reference, unless the academic work is viewable online in which case the URL and date it was accessed are also added (see section 2.10 for instruction how to do this).

    Johnson, Courtney N. 2016. “Not like us?: The professional boundaries of American and British journalism in the digital age.” PhD thesis, University of Washington. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global (10243601).
    Caple, Andrew. 2017. “Transparency, privacy and equality: A human rights analysis of the open justice principle in Australian mental health legislation.” PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology. https://eprints.qut.edu.au/109615/.

    How to reference a thesis harvard
    When writing a piece of work you will need to refer in your text to material written or produced by others. This procedure is called citing or quoting references. Consistency and accuracy are important to enable readers to identify and locate the material to which you have referred. The same set of rules should be followed every time you cite a reference.
    The most widely used referencing system used in the Cork Institute of Technology to reference your essays, reports, thesis etc. is the Harvard System. The Harvard system provides for in-text citation and the creation of a bibliography at end of your work.

    If you’re a student, academic, or teacher, and you’re tired of the other bibliography and citation tools out there, then you’re going to love MyBib. MyBib creates accurate citations automatically for books, journals, websites, and videos just by searching for a title or identifier (such as a URL or ISBN).
    MyBib is a free bibliography and citation generator that makes accurate citations for you to copy straight into your academic assignments and papers.

    How to reference a thesis harvard
    Referencing is a practice of acknowledging other peoples works, ideas, sources used in a paper, assignment, report and conference papers in academic writing.

    • It is academic courtesy to acknowledge the work of others – none of us know everthing and we rely on the work of others