These are diseases caused by the infections which are contacted by an individual to another through sexual contact. The reason they are also called sexually transmitted infections is due to a lack of symptoms. When they cause symptoms, then they are referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (“STDs | Sexually Transmitted Diseases – Symptoms & Treatment”, 2016). There are various sexually transmitted infections.
One of the STDs is gonorrhea. This is an infection which is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhea. The infection affects the urethra, anus, cervix, vagina and the penis. Often, gonorrhea shows no symptoms, especially in women (Workowski & Berman, 2011). On women, the symptoms include yellowish-green discharge; vomiting; swelling of the vulva, pain when urinating; and abdominal pain. In men, the symptoms include discharge of pus-like fluid from the penis; burning sensation during urination; and frequently urinating than usual. Treatment is achieved through the administration of some antibiotics like ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin among others. The drugs should be prescribed by the doctor. The disease can be prevented by abstaining from sexual intercourse or the use of condoms (Workowski & Berman, 2011).
Syphilis is another STD which is caused by bacteria called Treponema pallidum. Based on the clinical findings, the STD can be divided into stages. It can either be primary, secondary or tertiary syphilis. Primary syphilis shows symptoms that include chancre at the site of infection or ulcers (Workowski & Berman, 2011). The secondary syphilis is shown by the skin rash, lymphadenopathy or mucocutaneous lesions. Tertiary syphilis is shown by the general paresis, tabes dorsalis, or gummatous lesions. Treatment can be achieved through taking of penicillin G. the drug can treat all stages of syphilis. The long duration of therapy can be utilized to treat tertiary syphilis and late latent syphilis. Prevention is also achieved through abstinence and using a condom during sex (Workowski & Berman, 2011).